Human beings have a natural desire to do new creative activities. Creative activities like skill and imagination to produce new works of new ideas. In an age where intellectual Property regimes which special reference to Geographical indications and Traditional knowledge are being strengthens, redefined as well as challenged philosophical justification and protection. Intellectual property has become the burning issue of modern law. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of Geographical Indication and the Protection of Traditional Knowledge under Intellectual Property Rights. Besides other emerging concepts in IPR appropriate and latest case laws have been interspersed to make the concept clearer. It is now almost common tendency that there is an increasing interest in IPR all over the world. The need for the protection of Intellectual Property is increasing the world over day by day. With the development of society and civilization the scope of the Intellectual Property Law also broadened with the innovations in the field of science and Technology. That the knowledge is power is into a new revolution. What is new is the modification of knowledge and its reorganization as private rights to protected by law. This book aims to present a comprehensive analysis, to the subject of Intellectual Property, its scope and protection the traditional knowledge along with National and International dimension. It covers geographical indication and legal framework in India, traditional knowledge and protection. This is mainly intended for the use of teacher and students of Law as well as the Legal Professionals Suggestion for the improvement of this Book is welcome and will be gratefully acknowledged.