Dr TS Prasanna was Full Time Research Scholar in Anna University, Regional Campus ,
Madurai. He completed his Master in Business Administration from KLN College of
Engineering, Sivagangai district. He has published his research papers in 27 reputed
International Journals and in 7 National Journals. Currently he is working as Assistant
Professor in Yadava Gents College, Madurai.
Motivation is a topic that is extensively researched. Halfway the twentieth century the
first important motivational theories arose, namely Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1943),
Herzberg’s two-factor theory (1959) and Vroom’s expectancy theory (1964). Those
researches focused on motivation in general and employee motivation more specifically.
In the past years various definitions of motivation were defined, e.g. Herzberg (1959)
defined employee motivation once as performing a work related action because you want
to. It is commonly agreed that employee motivation can be separated in intrinsic and
extrinsic motivation (Staw, 1976). Staw argues that one of the first attempts to make that
distinction was in Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory (1959). However, the discussion about
intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is more from latter years (e.g. Amabile, 1993 and Deci
& Ryan, 2000). Especially important is the discussion about how intrinsic and extrinsic
motivation can contribute to employees’ performances (Ramlall, 2008).