Sentence A sentence is a group of words which makes complete sense. e.g. Birds fly in the air, There are four different kinds of sentences. They are: Assertive sentences Imperative sentences Interrogative sentences and Exclamatory sentences. An Assertive Sentence asserts or states or declares something. e.g. Gold is a precious metal. An Imperative Sentence expresses a command, a request or a wish. e.g. Open the door. Throw the ball, please. An Interrogative sentence asks a question, It ends with a question mark (?) e.g. What is your name? An Exclamatory sentence expresses a sudden and strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation mark (!) e.g. How well Ashok Plays ! Phrase A phrase is a group of words that makes some sense but not complete sense. It has no subject or predicate. It is a part of sentence. In the following sentence the group of words in italics is a phrase. We pray for your success. Clause A clause is a group of words which forms part of a sentence and has a subject and a predicate of its own. In the following sentence the group of words in italics is a clause. God helps those who help themselves. Parts of Speech Sentences, clauses and phrases are made of words. Words are divided into different kinds or classes called parts of speech, according to the work they do in a sentence.